Chief Minister narrates story of freedom movement
Greetings to Listeners!
(By male announcer)
- A hearty welcome to all the listeners on Akashwani's important broadcast 'Raman Ke Goth'
- Listeners! It is a matter of joy that this special programme of Akashwani 'Raman Ke Goth' has completed one year today. Honourable Chief Minister Dr Raman Singh has arrived at studio for 12th episode of 'Raman Ke Goth'. Dr Raman Singh ji, welcome to the programme.
Chief Minister in Chhattisgarhi dialect
- Namaskar! Jai Johar to all my friends, elders, younger ones, mothers and sisters!
- This broadcast is taking place when our nation is all set to celebrate 69th anniversary of Independence Day.
- I extend hearty wishes to everyone on Independence Day.
- Today, this programme has completed one year. And in this one year, we have received immense blessings, support and suggestions from you, for which we are thankful.
By Female Announer
- Mr. Chief Minister, when we talk about Indendepence Day, we are filled with zeal and enthusiasm. Waving tricolor reminds us of the long struggle and great sacrifices that have us earned us this freedom. But it is believed that martyrs of Chhattisgarh have not got their due at national-level for their contribution. What is your opinion on this?
By Chief Minister
- Once upon a time India was known 'Sone ki Chidiya' (Bird of Gold). British ruled India for nearly 300 years and pressed all kinds of atrocities on Indians, right from kings to the common people. They even looted the precious assets of the country and destroyed our socio-economic structure.
- In year 1857, revolt against injustice and atrocities of British rulers broke out, which we term as 'First War of Independence'.
- But in Chhattisgarh, this struggle for freedom had started 33 years before the 'first war of independence' in year 1824. In Paralkot area of Abujhmad, Veer Gend Singh was teaching guerilla warfare to the forest dwellers. When British rulers came to know about this, they had sent a force led by Colonel Agenue to suppress the revolt. Gend Singh's army fought fiercely. But eventually he was arrested. He was hanged to death at Paralkot Palace on 10 January, 1825.
- Another incident is of year 1856. Veer Narayan Singh of Sonakhan was unable to tolerate the oppression of British rulers. When drought hit their area, British government started favouring hoarders. At that time, Narayan Singh attacked godown of food grains and distributed the food grains among the people. His valour became song of the people-
परन ठान के, कफन बांध के,
भारत मां के, करिन बिचार।
गरजिस बघवा वीर नारायण,
लिन तलवार निकार।।
- He became 'Veer Narayan' from 'Narayan'. But British government termed it as treason and sentenced him to imprisonment.
- Meanwhile, the spark of protest lit fire of revolt at many places of the country and that is how great revolution of 1857 took place. Flames of this fire also reached Chhattisgarh and Veer Narayan Singh escaped from jail.
- He and his companions gave tough time to lieutenant Smith and were again arrested. They were hanged to death at Jai Stambh Chowk on 19 December 1857.
- At that time Sambalpur was a part of Chhattisgarh. After demise of King Maharaj Sai, British rulers evicted Surendra Sai and took over Sambalpur. But Veer Surendra Sai didn’t gave in to the injustice. He gathered people of Odisha and Chhattisgarh to fight a decisive battle and killed many British soldiers. Eventually, he was martyred at Aseergarh.
By Male Announcer
- Mr. Chief Minister, people of Chhattisgarh started fighting for independence even before year 1857. Many are not aware of this fact yet. You have given us an important piece of information. This will enlighten our new generation about prestigious history and brave ancestors. Now they would be curious to know how this movement went ahead.
By Chief Minister
- All the information I have read about these historical events are now before my eyes, fresh in my memory. In 1858, Thakur Hanuman Singh was posted as 'Magazine Lashkar' in Third Regular Regiment. He was furious over Surgent Major Sidwell's oppression on Indians. One night Hanuman Singh and his companions broke into the bungalow of Sidwell and killed him. All 17 sepoys of this rebellion were blown from cannon publicly at Police Line Raipur. This included Hawaldar Gazi Khan, Golandaz Abdul Hayat, Mullu, Shivnarayan, Pannalal, Matadin, Thakur Singh, Bali Dubey, Akbar Hussain, Lalla Singh, Ballu, Paramanand, Shobharam, Durga Prasad, Nazar Mohammad, Devideen, and Shiv Govind.
- Muriya Revolt of 1876 is another major historical event. In Bastar, British government was busy provoking people against their popular Ruler Bhairamdev. But people kept their trust on their ruler intact and British policy to cause unrest failed miserably.
- There was a time when oppression on farmers, labourers, workers by British government was rising day by day. People started uniting in groups against British government. After 1907, freedom fighter got divided into extremists and moderates. Lala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Bipin Chandra Pal became very influential. Inspired by 'Lal-Bal-Pal', Raipur, Bilaspur, Durg and other plane areas of Chhattisgarh became centres of freedom movement and thereby the revolution expanded.
- A big convention took place in Raipur. Pt. Ravishankar Shukla, Vaman Rao Lakhe, DN Chowdhry, Haribabu Chatterjee, Rava Saheb Dani, Khaprewale and others emerged as leaders.
By Female Annoucer
- Mr. Chief Minister, when did that era started, when freedom struggle took form of movement in Chhattisgarh, and this rebellion spread like a wildfile from Sarguja to Bastar?
By Chief Minister
- Till 1910, this movement had spread from Ib to Indravanti. On the bank of Indravati River in Bastar, Veer Gundadhur launched 'Bhoomkal' protest against unnecessary increase in taxes and oppression by tax-collectors. Veer Gundadhur, Muratsingh Bakshi, Bala Prasad Nazir, Veer Singh Bandar, Lala Kalindra Singh and their companions were giving tough time to British government.
- 'Taana Bhagat' Movement, which commenced from Bihar, spread its flames to Sarguja. And after arrest of Veer Jatra Uraun and his companions in year 1918, this movement went so violent that many freedom fighters were martyred.
By Male Announcer
- Mr. Chief Minister, Mahatma Gandhi had also visited Chhattisgarh during freedom movement. How does the direction and condition of the movement changed after Gandhi Ji's visit?
By Chief Minister
- During freedom movement, Mahatma Gandhi visited Chhattisgarh twice in year 1920 and 1933.
- Kandel Nahar Satyagrah of year 1920 has its own interesting and revolutionary history. British Government had burdened farmers with additional tax on taking water from Kandel canal. And farmers failing to pay the tax were subjected to torture. Their cattle were seized. To protest against this injustice, Pt. Sundarlal Sharma, Narayan Rao Meghavle, Chhote Lal Shrivastav launched this Satyagraha, in which Bajirao Kridutt, Natthu Jagtaap, Umar Seth, Hazari Lal Jain and others played an important role. Gandhi Ji was also about to join this protest but British officials stepped back and gave in to the demands of protestors.
- Thereafter, Gandhi Ji visited Chhattisgarh met Kandel protestors. He visited Raipur, Dhamtari and Durg. The place in Raipur, where Gandhi ji had addressed public gathering, that place came to be known as Gandhi Chowk and became the symbol of revolution.
- At that time, Gandhi Ji was so impressed with the thoughts and work-style of Pt Sundar Lal Sharma that Gandhi ji had called him his 'Guru'.
- Meanwhile, Gandhi Ji called for 'Non-Cooperation Movement'. On the initiative of Pt Madhav Rao Sapre, a national school was opened in Raipur in year 1921 for people giving up government institutions. Mahant Laxminarayan Das, ND Dani, Shivdas Daga, E Raghvendra Rao, Yatinlal and his companions gave their active contribution in this initiative.
- In year 1924, thousands of labourers led by Thakur Pyarelal Singh staged protest in Rajnandgaon against oppression of Mill Management. In 1930, Thakur Sahu took charge of 'Boycott Movement'.
- In 1930 during 'Savinay Avagya Andolan', Pt Vaman Rao Lakhe, Thakur Pyarelal Singh, Shiv Das Daga, Maulana Rauf and Mahant Laxminarayan Das became popular as 'five pandavas'. On 16 December, 1930, during 'Jungle Satyagrah', a major conflict between protestors and police took place and after that people from every household started joining this movement.
- Dr Khubchand Baghel resigned from government job and joined the freedom movement. 'Jhanda Satyagrah', 'Jungle Satyagrah', 'Boycott of imported clothes' and movements like this garnered huge support.
- In year 1932, during the second phase of 'Avagya Andolan' called for non-payment of land revenue.
- Like other parts of the country, 'Vaanar Sena' was constituted here as well. This 'Vaanar Sena' used to stick bills and convey messages.
- During his nation wide tour for social welfare, Mahatma Gandhi visited Chhattisgarh in year 1933. He visited number of places in Chhattisgarh between November 23 and 28.
- In Kanker, Indru Kewat had raised voice against chopping of Sal trees and forced recovery from common people for war-funds. He used to carry tricolor with him. He was arrested in year 1942. Huge crowd had gathered to demand release of Indru Kewat at that time. He became popular as 'Gandhi of Bastar'.
- On 8 August 1942, 'Quit India Movement' was launched. Each person of Chhattisgarh was eager to join in the movement and sacrifice for independence. Protest, arrest, imprisonment and then again protest after release became the life cycle, in which each family member used to support.
By Male Announcer
- Mr. Chief Minister, there were many such freedom fighters, who had made huge contribution but they had to lead a life of anonymity.
By Chief Minister
- In that era, nobody used to work for appreciation. Everyone had the same goal- Independece of India. Whether man or women, every person used to work with the spirit of sacrifice and not show-off.
- Paras Ram Soni, Dhani Ram Verma, Anant Ram Bachhirha, Pt. Ramdayal Tiwari, Jai Narayan Pandey, Durga Singh Sirmaur, Lakhan Lal Mishra, Hariprem Baghel, Resham Lal Jangadem Kunjbihari Choubey, DR Dhritlehre, Raghunath Bhale, Dr Kodu Ram Yadu, Kakeshwar Baghel, Lalmani Tiwari, Pankaj Tiwari, Babulal Bamre, Ramanand Dubey, Motilal Tripathi, Kanhaiya Lal Bajari, Hriday Ram Kashyap, Puranlal Verma and many such freedom fighters have made major contribution in the freedom movement. I salute all those brave souls, whom I have named, and also the ones, whom I couldn’t name here.
By Female Annoucner
- Mr. Chief Minister, as you said women, litterateurs, artists etc. had contributed in the freedom struggle in their own ways. Our new generation would like to know about some of these important personalities and their works.
By Chief Minister
- Every mother, sister and wife has shown courage and valour during freedom struggle. Though they had nothing much to each, but nothing could dampen their spirit for freedom. It was a matter of pride for them that their husband, son and brother are fighting for their country's independence. Along with freedom movement, there were many other parallel movements going on for public education, public awareness, public service, public welfare. People were working for creating ideal structure on which independent India would work.
- Dr Radhabai, who was one of the dedicated protestors in Kandel Satyagrah in year 1920. Even the lathicharge of police couldn’t break her courage and zeal. She used to work for creating public awareness against evil practices like liquor addiction etc. She was arrested and jailed a many a times.
- Rohini Bai Paraginha was arrested in the young age of 12. She used to serve the children of sanitation workers. She used to take care of patients. She was inspiration for many.
- Dr Khubchand Baghel's mother Kekti Bai Baghel was arrested for her participation in boycott of imported clothes. She had conducted public awareness campaign against untouchability.
- Mrs. Bela Bai had pledged that she would go to jail with her husband Bhujbal Singh. But as the fate would have it, She was arrested first and the next day her husband was arrested.
- Mrs. Phool Kunwar Bai dedicated all her life to freedom movement, after her husband's death. She was arrested and jailed and later her son Manohar Lal Shrivastav was also arrested.
- Guru of Satnam Panth Mr. Agam Das Ji Guru Gosai's wife Mrs. Minakshi Devi was the one who used to cook food for all the protestors taking shelter at their home and motivate them. She worked for various causes of social welfare and became popular as 'Mini Mata'. Later she became member of Lok Sabha.
Arrested in Jabalpur and jailed in Bilaspur, Pt Makhan Lal Chaturvedi had written classic poem- . ‘पुष्प की अभिलाषा’
चाह नहीं, मैं सुरबाला के
गहनों में गूंथा जाऊं...
मुझे तोड़ लेना बनमाली,
उस पथ पर देना तुम फेंक।
मातृ-भूमि पर शीश चढ़ाने,
जिस पथ पर जावें वीर अनेक।।
- Veteran freedom fighter of Raipur Dr Mahadev Prasad Pandey, Mr. Keyur Bhushan, Pt Pannalal Pandya, Mr. Suraj Prasad Saxena, Mr. Brijlal Sharma, and Mr. Ramkishan Gupta are known and respected names.
- Mr. Damodar Das Tavri, Mr. Kanhaiya Lal Agrawal, Mr. Damodar Prasad Tripathi, Mr. Devi Prasad Arya
- Mr. Daya Ram Thethwar, Bihari Lal Thawait of Raigarh.
- Mr. Nandu Rai Bhange, Mr. Bhagwan Das, Dr. Dayaram Salwani of Bilaspur are with us today. I wish them a long and peaceful life.
By Male Annoucner
- Dr Singh, Tribal areas of state had significant contribution of freedom movement of India. But over the time, the talent and valour of these regions could not get the right direction. Backwardness of these areas could not resolve. Your government is making strenouos efforts in the direction. Kindly tell us about some major initiatives in the context.
By Chief Minister
- It is true that due to lack of well-directed efforts in the right direction for last six decades, tribal areas could not progress as per the expectations.
- But in last one decade, our efforts have brought about major improvements in these areas. We have made consolidated efforts to provide education, security and all-round development.
- Sarguja has got rid of LWE completely and now the anti-naxal operations in Bastar are yielding decisive results.
- On our initiative, Honourable Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi and Honourable Home Minister Mr. Rajnath Singh has decided to constitute 'Bastariya Battalion' in CRPF. I connect this to the historical background of valour of this region.
- Earlier residents of tribal areas were unable to join security forces, as they could not meet the eligibility criteria of body measurement. But in 'Bastariya Battalion' they will be given relaxation in these criteria.
- In Bastariya Battalion, 744 local youth from four districts of Bastar Division- Bijapur, Dantewada, Narayanpur and Sukma will be recruited, so that they may repeat their history of bravery and courage.
- I believe that descendants of great figures like Gaind Singh, Gundadhur will get the opportunity to serve the nation.
16 August 2016 - 5pm